"Gerunda" Roman Girona

Gerunda Gerona, founded at the beginning of the 1st century BC, is an excellent example of what was a provincial Roman city.

In 77 BC Pompey built an oppidum (fortified square) on Via Heraclea (future Via Augusta). The existence of Girona on this route is documented in one of the four silver vessels called Apollinaris found in Vicarello (Lazio, Italy), which contains all the mansions or stops on the way between Gades (Cádiz) and Rome.

In this way, the Girona rose as a defensive bastion at the entrance by the Via Augusta to Hispania and built and important center in the region with the articulation of a Roman camp around the Urbis Girona. In short, they formed the Civitas Gerunda. 

One of the characteristics that best defines Roman civilization is the custom of hot bath, a habit that has been detected since the Lower Catalan period and that will be perfected from the 1st century BC with the invention of the hypocaust and the concords (double walls) They drove the hot air and made it possible to heat immense spaces like the largest terms conceived, the Caracalla terms in Rome 216 AD.

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